Terms related to Autism
Asperger’s Syndrome – is an Autism Spectrum Condition. This condition is very similar to high-functioning Autism. The main difference between the two is thought to be in language development: people with Asperger Syndrome, typically, will not have had delayed language development when younger. See Autism Spectrum Conditions… A more detailed explanation is also available from the National Autistic Society of the United Kingdom.
Autism Spectrum Conditions – (ASC) are neuro-developmental conditions, characterised by difficulties in 3 main areas: communication, social interaction and understanding information. For more information, please visit Autism-Europe.
Inclusion – or social inclusion, refers to the process of actively including people with disabilities in all aspects of everyday life, such as education, employment, health, family and social activities. The concept of inclusion aims to change the fact that people with disabilities have often been excluded from these aspects of life due to limitations related to their disability, and more significantly, due to social attitudes.
Terms related to European research projects
Consortium – a consortium is an association of two or more individuals or organisations with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal. This project involves seven organisations including univerisites, non-government organisations and companies who are working together to create the ASC-Inclusion software.
Deliverable – for the purpose of this project, ‘deliverable’ items are those which are required to be submitted to the European Community’s Seventh Framework Program that provided funding for the development of this software.
European Community – an economic and political organisation formed from the consolidation of three western European treaty organisations; the European Economic Community, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community. These communities later evolved to become the European Union and the European Economic Community was renamed the European Community. For more information, please visit Europa – Gateway to the European Union.
FP7 – the European Community’s Seventh Framework Program for research and development. For more information, please visit the European Commission’s Community Research and Development Information Service.
General terms related to computer software
Web Accessibility Initiative – is an international project that develops guidelines widely regarded as the international standard for web accessibility, as well as support materials to help individuals and organisations understand and implement the concepts of web accessibility. More information is available on the Web Accessibility Initiative website.
Technical terms related to human-machine communication technologies
Bayesian inference - A method of statistical inference in which some kinds of evidence or observations are used to calculate the probability that a hypothesis may be true, or else to update its previously calculated probability.
Complex mental states – Subtle conditions (including boredom, disbelief, excitement, interest, confusion, concentration, uncertainty) that involve cognitive activity and are important in normal conversations, but are much harder to recognise.
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) – A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method that produces in vivo images of biological tissues weighted with the local microstructural characteristics of water diffusion, which is capable of showing connections between brain regions.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) – A type of specialized MRI scan used to measure the hemodynamic response (change in blood flow) related to neural activity in the brain or spinal cord of humans or other animals. It is one of the most recently developed forms of neuroimaging.
Gaussian process - A process generating random values according to a normal (Gaussian) distribution, i.e., the process can be fully represented by computing the mean, variance, and covariance (correlation) of the generated values.